If you work with hazardous materials, you will need to be familiar with safety data sheets and the types of information they can tell you. Every material you handle should have a safety data sheet that will tell you everything you need to know about it, including hazards, ingredients, and safety information. Here is an overview of the information you can find on each safety data sheet.
- The name of the supplier and their emergency contact information
- Name of the substance or mix of substances in the container
- GHS label elements
- GHS substance classification
- Any other hazards not covered by the GHS classification
Composition and information on ingredients
· Chemical identity
· Chemical’s common name and any applicable synonyms
· CAS number and any other unique identifiers
· Impurities and any chemicals used for stabilization
This identifies the chemical and concentration of any and all other hazardous ingredients.
- Describes necessary precautions, subdivided according to the route of exposure (inhalation, skin/ eye contact, ingestion)
- Important symptoms and effects, and whether those are immediate or delayed
- Indicates any necessary medical attention and/or special treatment if applicable
- How to extinguish
- Hazards that may arise should the substance be set on fire
- Any necessary special protective equipment for firefighters
ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
- In the event of an accidental release, this section lists necessary PPE, personal precautions, and emergency procedures.
- Necessary environmental precautions
- In the event of a spill, how to clean up and what to use
HANDLING AND STORAGE
- Safe handling precautions
- Safe storage conditions, including any substances it should be kept away from
EXPOSURE CONTROLS/ PERSONAL PROTECTION
- Exposure limit values
- Engineering controls
- Individual protection measures (i.e. PPE)
PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
This section contains anything and everything about the physical and chemical properties of the substance, including:
Appearance (physical state, color etc.), odor, odor threshold, pH, melting and freezing points, initial boiling point and range, flash point, evaporation rate, flammability (solid, gas), upper and lower flammability or explosive limits, vapor pressure, vapor density, relative density, solubility(ies), partition coefficient, auto-ignition temperature, decomposition temperature, and viscosity.
STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
This section contains information about how stable or reactive a substance is.
Provides a complete description of the various health effects and describes what data what used to identify those effects.
- Persistence and degradability
- Bioaccumulative potential
- Mobility in the soil
- Other adverse effects
Describes waste residues and how to safely handle and dispose of waste and any contaminated packaging.
This section is all about the safe transportation of the substance.
Safety, health and environmental regulations specific to the substance contained
Any necessary additional information
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